Different Types of Cyber IT Security Threats and How to Mitigate Them

Cyber IT security threats and how to mitigate them. Cyber security specialists are always defending computer systems against a variety of IT security attacks. It is a fact of life that every day, organizations and private systems are subjected to cyberattacks, which are becoming increasingly sophisticated with time.

Cyber IT Security
Cyber IT Security | Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay

In the words of former Cisco CEO John Chambers, there are two categories of businesses today when it comes to cyberattacks, namely those that have suffered an attack and those that don’t yet realize they are a victim of a cyberattack.

Data theft and other forms of cyber threats have a variety of motives behind them but money is usually the root cause.

For example, cybercriminals may take a system offline and demand payment to restore the affected company’s operations. It’s no secret that ransomware, an assault that demands payment to restore services, has today become more advanced than ever before.

Cybercriminals often target corporations, but individuals might also be targeted because they save confidential information on their cellphones or use public networks that are usually not sufficiently protected.

Keeping track of new and escalating forms of cyberattacks is essential to enhancing cyber IT security for both individuals and businesses.

What is Cyber IT Security?

Cyber IT security basically involves protecting internet-connected systems and components like computer hardware, software, and data from hackers and cybercriminals. There is a broad range of technologies and methods that can be used to safeguard systems, programs, and networks from cyber threats.

The goal of cyber IT security is to minimize the risk of attacks and data loss through illegal exploitation of networks and computer systems. In order to prevent unauthorized entry into data centers and other network infrastructures, both individuals and businesses need to have a robust and efficient cyber security system.

If a company or its users have a solid cybersecurity plan, they will be protected from harmful assaults that aim to access, modify, delete, or damage its systems and sensitive information. A system’s or device’s operation can be disabled or disrupted if the organization does not have a strong IT security posture.

So why is cyber IT security so critical today?

Cybersecurity is becoming more and more important to keep up with the expanding number of users, devices, and programs in today’s business environment, which often involves the use of sensitive and confidential information.

The problem is further exacerbated by the increasing number and sophistication of cyber-attackers and attack tactics.

Here are some reasons why cyber IT security has become quite important today:

  1. Security Breaches Are Becoming More Expensive

As a result of privacy legislation and compliance requirements such as GDPR and DPA 2018, organizations that experience cyber security breaches may be subject to heavy penalties.

Besides financial expenditures, reputational harm caused by cyberattacks is another factor to consider.

  1. Cyber-Attacks Are Becoming More Complex

In recent years, cyberattacks have become increasingly sophisticated, with attackers employing a wide range of strategies.

For example, the use of malware and ransomware as well as social engineering techniques are becoming more sophisticated by the day.

  1. Cybersecurity is a Critical Issue That Must Be Addressed at Board Level

It’s difficult to keep track of cyber security risks because of new legislation and reporting requirements.

The board of any organization should constantly ask management for reassurance that its cybersecurity risk measures will mitigate the chances of attacks and avoid financial and operational repercussions.

  1. Cybercrime is a Huge Industry

According to a study commissioned by Bromium, the cybercrime industry was valued at $1.5 trillion in 2018. In other cases, hackers might be motivated by political, societal, and ethical factors.

Common Types of Cyber IT Security Threats

Cyber security experts should have a thorough understanding of the following types of cyber threats to guarantee the safety of their organizations and businesses.

Infections with Malicious Software (Malware)

Malware includes spyware, ransomware, viruses, and worms. It is often installed and activated when a computer or network user clicks on a malicious link or attachment.

According to a recent Cisco report, after the malware is activated, it can block access to essential network components as ransomware does, install further hazardous software, covertly gather information from data stored on the hard drive as spyware does, or disrupt individual portions of the system, rendering the entire system inoperable.

Emotet Attacks

CISA characterizes Emotet as a sophisticated, modular banking Trojan that primarily functions as a downloader or dropper of many other harmful banking Trojans.

As of now, Emotet remains one of the most expensive and devastating types of malware.

Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks

DDoS is a sort of cyberattack that floods a computer or network with requests, preventing it from responding to them.

If the attack comes from a computer network, it is known as a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS). Hackers often utilize a flood attack to interrupt the “handshake” procedure, resulting in DoS (denial of service).

A variety of alternative approaches may be employed. Some hackers take advantage of a network’s inability to function to launch other attacks.

MITM Attacks

Hackers can inject themselves into a two-party transaction and execute a “man-in-the-middle” (MITM) assault.

Cisco says that after disrupting the transmission, the attackers can filter and grab sensitive data. Insecure public Wi-Fi networks are common targets or conduits of MITM attacks.

By placing oneself between the visitor and the network, attackers can install malicious software on the visitor’s computer and access their data.

Phishing Attacks

A phishing attack can occur in many ways.

For example, the attack can use emails to fool the recipient into opening an email and following instructions, such as submitting their credit card number or sensitive company information.

The sole purpose of a phishing attack is to steal sensitive data such as credit card and login details or to execute the malware on the victim’s computer.

Structured Query Language (SQL) Injection

Another common cyberattack method is SQL injection, which involves injecting malicious code into a SQL-based server.

Once the attack is launched, the computer or server starts sending data to the hacker. Injecting the malicious code can be as easy as typing sensitive information in the search box of a malicious website.

Mitigating Cyber IT Security Threats

Your cyber security initiatives will be more effective if they are based on a risk-based strategy.

When it comes to securing your business, doing frequent cyber security risk assessments is the most cost-effective approach to adopt.

Protect yourself from online threats by using these essential security measures:

  • Provide awareness training to your staff
  • Use web security applications
  • Bolster your network security using third party network penetration tests
  • Employ effective password management practices
  • Enlist the services of an expert IT security professional


Organizational leadership is important in implementing effective cyber security measures.

It’s important that every employee understands the importance of cyber security and undergoes frequent training on maintaining a safe and productive workplace environment.

So, companies and government organizations require maximum data security knowledge to secure critical data and processes. Those who work in cyber security must know how to deal with the most recent cyber threats.

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