Let’s talk about the types of Cyber Security Attacks
While the coronavirus pandemic has created a new threat for business, it has also increased the complexity of cyberthreats. Organizations should closely monitor the evolving threats. Cybercriminals are likely to continue using COVID-19 related topics for phishing and social engineering campaigns, where they lure users into clicking on malicious links disguised as pandemic-related. This is a serious threat to any organization that wants to protect its users.
Direct access attacks
There are two basic types of direct access cyber security attacks. Logical access and direct access attacks. A logical access attacks generate a lot of traffic on the network, and are often spotted easily by network monitors with less experience. Logical access attacks lean more towards passive attacks. But logical access attacks can still compromise sensitive data. If you’re concerned that a user has a credential for a sensitive site, you can use two-factor authentication to protect it. Enterprise access credentials pose a greater risk than client credentials. These credentials are held by security tools, network devices, and servers. Hence, compromised credentials can allow an intruder to access enterprise systems.
Direct-access cyber security attacks occur when unauthorized users have physical access to a computer. They can install malicious software, modify the operating system, or even install covert listening devices. Disk encryption and the Trusted Platform Module are two ways to prevent direct-access attacks. A direct-access attack can also involve eavesdropping, or reading text communications. The NSA and FBI have both been accused of using such techniques.
Successful attack vector
A successful attack vector might be a malicious compact disc inserted into a car stereo. Or a wireless mouse could be used to copy files from a server. Other direct-access vectors might be a physical access to a computer, such as pulling the power cord or pouring water into the system. Despite the security measures in place, physical access can result in denial-of-service attacks. This is a particularly significant threat to a company’s data.
Another form of direct-access cyber security attack is the use of a USB port on a computer. Many office computers are networked, and a hacker can install malware on a USB drive or an inline filter. In some cases, a malware payload may cost as little as $65.
Direct access cyber security attack
The impact of a direct access cyber security attack can be limited by limiting access to information. Companies should apply the principle of least privilege, monitor permissions and separate out outdated systems. They should also perform regular user education, including supplier-chain contacts. And they should make sure to regularly back up their data with a combination of cloud services, offline backups, and testing backups. In addition to basic security measures, phishing is a particularly serious threat.
Passive access cyber security attacks use malicious Wi-Fi hotspots or other means to intercept user traffic. Once the attacker has compromised a victim’s computer, he can then pivot into the wider network. Once there, he can exploit an infected system to gain access to more data and further entrench himself. A passive access cyber security attack may involve the use of a malicious social engineering attack to manipulate the end user into performing an action.
Direct access protection
The most effective way to protect yourself from a direct access cyber security attack is to block any physical connections to the ports. Devices can be configured to disable DMA connections in BIOS or UEFI. By disabling DMA, you can prevent attackers from accessing their network. Direct access attacks are also made easier if you have physical access to the target computer. These attacks are highly effective because they don’t require much technical knowledge.
SQL injections or cross-site scripting attacks can also consider direct access attacks in cyber security. The attacker injects code into the website to alter the data. A denial-of-service attack, however, may not gain access to data. Instead, it could result in the complete lockdown of the victim’s account. The attacker could also overload the processing capacity of the device, blocking all of the users at once. Therefore, the attacker may not be successful in stealing data, but it can result in a significant amount of time and resources.
Another example of a direct access cyber security attack is the SolarWinds attack. The attack targeted U.S. federal agencies, infrastructure, and private corporations. The Austin-based SolarWinds was the victim of a supply-chain attack. The threat actors inserted malware into updates of the software, now called Solorigate. FireEye disclosed the breach on Dec. 8. However, the attack is still ongoing and the scope of this incident remains unclear.
Social engineering attacks
Social engineering attacks are becoming more prevalent. These attacks target a wide variety of targets, ranging from small business owners to high-level executives. One common scam technique is spearphishing, in which the attacker impersonates an IT consultant. They send an email claiming to be from a reputable source, such as a bank. The attacker will then ask the recipient for personal information such as their account number and full name in order to verify their identity.
As technology continues to advance, attackers can make use of a lack of knowledge about security threats. Many users are unaware of the importance of protecting their personal information and are not sure how to protect themselves. Several different types of social engineering attacks can occur, including data sabotage, theft, and piggybacking. These tactics target people in your organization that does not accustom to using the internet. However, if you are a victim of social engineering, it is imperative to be aware of the different types of attacks you can face.
Common social engineering attack
A common social engineering attack involves researching the target company and then buying the tools necessary to perform the attack. Typically, these attacks are highly successful because they have an authoritative origin and create a sense of urgency. By taking steps to protect yourself, you will help to prevent future attacks. Keeping yourself informed is a critical part of defending against social engineering. Fortunately, there are many methods you can employ to defend yourself.
A multi-layered approach to securing an organization’s data is essential for preventing social engineering attacks. Security experts advise companies to employ awareness training for staff and implement technological defenses to minimize the risks of social engineering. The training should demonstrate the tactics an attacker may use to manipulate employees into revealing sensitive information. For example, an attacker might pose as a bank employee or senior manager and ask an employee to enter an unsecured account. The attacker may even use an employee’s email address as a disguise. Training teaches employees how to protect themselves from social engineering attacks, and reinforces the importance of building a security culture.
Physical security controls
Physical security controls: Organizations should have effective physical security measures, including visitor logs, background checks, and escort requirements. Providing specialized training to employees who are more vulnerable to social engineering attacks is a good idea. One strategy employed by cybercriminals is USB baiting, wherein the attackers install malware onto a USB stick and leave it in strategic locations, hoping that users will plug the device into the USB and then be infected with malicious code.
Improved employee awareness of social engineering attacks is another way to protect organizations from these cyber threats. Observed people are likely to share photos and videos with friends on social networking sites. Social media is a common way to spread malware and other malicious software. Use shortened URLs or QR codes to disguise the URL of a link. If you want to share a picture of a major event with your friends, make sure they don’t share it with their contacts.
Personal protection Cyber Security Attacks
While personal protection against social engineering attacks may seem like common sense, a business should invest in education to protect critical data and information. As with anything, technology solutions can’t protect the most valuable resources. One such consultant is David Howard, an ethical hacker since 2009.
To protect your data from social engineering attacks, be wary of people you meet online. Never give out personal information to strangers. Also, always verify the identities of any contact. If someone asks you to enter your password or verify your identity, they might be a social engineering attacker. Make sure you verify their identity before giving out personal information. The best way to avoid becoming a victim is by being proactive and vigilant. If you want to avoid falling victim to social engineering, then follow these tips.
Using human interaction to get access to computer systems is a key component of a social engineering attack. The attacker may pose as a respected employee, researcher, or repairman and ask you questions to gather information about your organization’s computers and networks. Once he has the information they need, they may contact a second source inside your organization and rely on that information as their basis to gain access to critical information. And this is just the beginning.