What is endpoint detection and response (EDR)?

Endpoint detection and response (EDR) platforms are a type of endpoint security technology that is used to identify and respond to cyber threats and exploits. They are designed to offer endpoint visibility. Both traditional antivirus (AV) and Next-Generation Antivirus (NGA) are provided by Endpoint Protection Platforms (EPP) (NGAV). Modern attack tactics can get beyond traditional antivirus, and NGAV adds to the defense with non-signature-based measures including behavioral analytics, AI, and deterministic modules.

Endpoint detection and response
Endpoint detection and response | Image by Michael Treu from Pixabay

However, if an attack happens on an endpoint and legacy antivirus and next-generation antivirus are unable to stop it, security teams will find it difficult to respond. They may be unaware that a security event is taking place on the endpoint, and they will lack the forensic information needed to investigate and respond to the issue. Even with the most sophisticated security protections in place, certain attacks will be successful in compromising endpoints. EDR was created with this conclusion in mind, to aid security teams in swiftly detecting endpoint threats and collecting data in real-time to aid response. EDR also allows for remote control of the endpoint, allowing the attacker to confine the attack and prevent it from spreading.

EDR is now seen as an integral aspect of endpoint security, and many EPP systems include an EDR component. When it comes to endpoint-targeted assaults, EDR solutions can shorten incident response time and enhance the odds of identifying and eliminating an attack before it spreads and causes harm. Some popular platforms are Sophos Intercept X: Next-Gen Endpoint, SentinelOne Endpoint Protection Platform, VMware Carbon Black EDR, Microsoft Defender for Endpoint, MVISION Endpoint Security and CrowdSec.

Endpoint detection and response

Endpoint detection and response is a term that refers to a group of technologies that are used to identify and analyze threats on endpoints. Detection, investigation, threat hunting, and reaction are all common capabilities of EDR systems. Because there’s no better way to detect an intrusion than by monitoring the target environment being attacked, endpoint detection and response has become a critical component of any endpoint security solution, and the telemetry collected by an EDR platform enables full triage and investigation, endpoint detection and the response has become a critical component of any endpoint security solution. An EDR solution’s major goals are to notify the security team of malicious behavior and to allow for quick investigation and containment of endpoint assaults. Three main mechanisms are included in EDR solutions:

  • Detection engine performs data analysis to find abnormalities and detect malicious behavior on endpoints.
  • Continuous endpoint data collection aggregates data on events such as process execution, communication, and user logins that occur on endpoints.
  • Data recording gives security teams real-time information about security events on endpoints, which they may utilize to conduct investigations.

Endpoint protection response vs Anti-virus softwares

Endpoint protection is a method of detecting harmful network activity and safeguarding computer networks, such as servers, PCs, and mobile devices, from intrusions and malware assaults.

Each networked device (i.e., endpoint) represents a security risk, functioning as a possible entry point for security threats. With new devices signing in to your network from external places, the internet of things (IoT) is projected to introduce additional endpoints and continually expand your network perimeters. Because endpoint security solutions are centrally controlled, they can effectively secure your network and its endpoints, authenticate logins from all new endpoints, and allow remote software distribution and upgrades.

This sort of software is generally designed for corporate or commercial usage, not for personal or home PCs. Because of practices like bring your device (BYOD) rules, connect-from-home policies, personal devices on the workplace network, and the Internet of Things, endpoint protection has become more important for organizations of all kinds. Endpoint protection solutions are a collection of cybersecurity technologies that include antivirus, firewalls, intrusion detection, and anti-malware software. Some of EDR are Avast Business and AVG Business Edition.

Some of the key features of endpoint security platforms include:

  • Endpoint detection and response: Capabilities include discovering, reporting, and prioritizing vulnerabilities as well as detecting new endpoint devices.
  • Anti-malware and data protection: Anti-malware and anti-exploit-based prevention are key features of endpoint protection software. Firewall, data loss prevention (DLP), port and device control, and mobility management are examples of additional features.
  • Reports and alerts: Provides prioritized vulnerability alerts and warnings, as well as dashboards and reports that improve endpoint security visibility.
  • Incident investigation and remediation: Automated incident response techniques and step-by-step procedures for incident investigation are provided via centralized and automated technologies. To stop malware from spreading, advanced technologies like blacklisting and sandboxing are available.
  • Third-party integrations: Integrate with additional security products including network monitoring, intrusion prevention, active directory, and SIEM via open API systems (security information and event management).

Antivirus software

Individual devices, such as PCs, laptops, and cellphones, as well as servers, are all equipped with antivirus software. They run in the background, scanning device folders and files for harmful patterns that indicate the existence of malware regularly.

The program checks its database of virus definitions and signatures to determine whether it contains any executable harmful code. If it finds a match, it blocks or quarantines the files.

Because new malware is created every day, antivirus software providers are continuously updating their databases; these updates, as well as others, appear as pop-up notifications on your screen.

If you don’t maintain your antivirus software up to date, it will continue to utilize outdated virus definitions and will miss new infections, leaving you vulnerable to assaults. Antivirus software can be purchased alone or as part of a larger endpoint security package.

On the market, there is a large selection of antivirus software. For companies, small businesses, and individuals, software suppliers offer a variety of solutions. Antivirus solutions provide different levels of protection based on the package you choose. McAfee Security Solutions and OmniShield are antivirus softwares.

The key features of antivirus software include:

Real-time and manual scanning: Scans the system at predetermined intervals and takes action if danger or infection is found. Manual scans allow you to begin a threat resolution scan at any moment.

  • Web protection: Blocks poor results or warns you when you’re going to visit a dangerous web page, keeping your online browsing sessions and downloads securely.
  • Malware detection: Detects viruses, Trojans, ransomware, spyware, worms, keyloggers, adware, and rootkits, among other forms of malware.
  • File quarantine: Depending on the degree of the harm, removes or isolates affected files.
  • Notifications and alerts: Notifies you of periodic scans and upgrades, as well as infected files and possibly dangerous applications.
  • Remote updates about virus scan criteria are provided to keep the program up-to-date and capture new infections and threats.

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